When new gardeners visit any garden store, they get confused by fertilizing or they get excited seeing so many items. They buy a lot of fertilizers and apply it lavishly without knowing why. Over-application of fertilizers can lead to excessive growth and poor fruit production. Excess leaf growth will consume excess moisture. On the other hand, the under-application of fertilizer results in wastage of money and poor growth of plants. In this article, we will discuss things to know before using fertilizer, which a garden store sells in fertilizer packaging bags.
Don't Consider Fertilizer As A Plant Food
Photosynthesis is the process of preparing food in plants. Plants absorb water, carbon-di-oxide from air and sunlight, and make their food. As human beings need vitamins and minerals in addition to protein and carbohydrates, similarly plants also need potassium and nitrogen. Plants get these nutrients from fertilizers. Therefore, fertilizers are not food but additional nutrients.
All Plants Don't Need Fertilizers
Plants collect nutrients from the soil through roots. Some nutrients are minerals and some nutrients are produced by soil microorganisms. Healthy soil with lots of soil micro-organisms provides enough nutrients to the plant. Then the plant doesn't need fertilizers. Fertilizing is necessary when plants don't get the soil they evolved for. In this case, fertilizer bridges the gap. Plants in pots quickly exhaust the nutrients present in the soil. Therefore, fertilizers provide the necessary nutrients to the plants in pots. Lawns and annual flowers also need fertilizers.
Adding More Fertilizer Is Not Better For Plant
An engine speeds up when you give it more gas. Unlike an engine, plants don't speed up while adding more fertilizers. A plant collects the fertilizers as many nutrients as it needs. Over-use of fertilizers can harm the growth of plants. Over-fertilization results in thatch or dehydration or burning of plants.
Slow-Release Fertilizer Is Better
Synthetic water-soluble fertilizers provide nutrients to plants very quickly. This way, plants get a damaging overdose. Rather, you must use slow-release fertilizers. These fertilizers provide nutrients to plants as a safe, steady, slow, and digestible rate. Organic fertilizers, made from bones, fish, manures, alfalfa meal, are suitable for plants. Soil micro-organisms provide nutrients to plants.
Price Of Fertilizers
Synthetic water-soluble fertilizers are fast-release fertilizers and are cheap to buy. But these fertilizers are quite harmful to plants and nature. Slow-release fertilizers are costly but you don't need to apply it to the plants often. Synthetic fertilizers need natural gas and energy to capture nitrogen. So there is ecological cost. Though organic fertilizers are made from agricultural by-products, they need some energy to produce. However, the cheapest and most effective, sustainable fertilizer or source of nutrients is garden and kitchen waste. When you mow, leave some clippings on the lawn and your lawn will get some free lawn fertilizer.
Before using fertilizer to the soil, test your soil first. Generally, fertilizers are a combination of 5% nitrogen, 10% phosphorous, and 10% potassium.
We, fertilizer packaging bags exporter, export fertilizers by packing them in high-quality fertilizer bags. These bags are reusable and composed of plastic, jute, cloth, etc.